AskDefine | Define compound

Dictionary Definition

compound adj
1 of leaf shapes; of leaves composed of several similar parts or lobes [ant: simple]
2 consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts; "soap is a compound substance"; "housetop is a compound word"; "a blackberry is a compound fruit"
3 composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony; "coral is a colonial organism" [syn: colonial]


1 (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight [syn: chemical compound]
2 a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts
3 an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient)


1 make more intense, stronger, or more marked; "The efforts were intensified", "Her rudeness intensified his dislike for her"; "Potsmokers claim it heightens their awareness"; "This event only deepened my convictions" [syn: intensify, heighten, deepen]
2 put or add together; "combine resources" [syn: combine]
3 calculate principal and interest
4 create by mixing or combining
5 combine so as to form a whole; mix; "compound the ingredients" [syn: combine]

User Contributed Dictionary


Etymology 1

Possibly from kampong, kampung "group of buildings, village".


  • =
  • italbrac UK: /ˈkɒmpaʊnd/, /"kQmpaUnd/
  • italbrac US: kŏm'pound, /ˈkɑmpaʊnd/, /"kAmpaUnd/


  1. an enclosure within which workers, prisoners, or soldiers are confined
enclosure within which workers, prisoners, or soldiers are confined
  • Finnish: laitos
  • Italian: campo di prigionìa
  • Swedish: inhägnad

Etymology 2

From Middle English compounen < componre, compondre "to put together" < componere < com- "together" + ponere "to put".


  • (adjective, noun):
    • italbrac UK: /ˈkɒmpaʊnd/, /"kQmpaUnd/
    • italbrac US: kŏm'pound, /ˈkɑmpaʊnd/, /"kAmpaUnd/
  • (verb): kəmpound', /kəmˈpaʊnd/, /kQm"paUnd/
    Rhymes: -aʊnd


  1. composed of elements; not simple
  • (composed of elements): simple
Derived terms
composed of elements
  • Czech: složený
  • Dutch: samengesteld
  • Italian: composto, costituito
  • Russian: составной (sostavnój)
  • Slovene: sestavljen , sestavljena , sestavljeno
  • Swedish: sammansatt


  1. anything made by combining several things
  2. a substance made from the chemical combination of elements
  3. A lexeme that consists of more then one stem; for example laptop, formed from lap and top.
anything made by combining several things
  • Italian: composto, miscuglio, amalgama
  • Russian: соединение (soedinenie)
  • Swedish: sammansättning
chemistry: substance made by chemical combination of elements
linguistics: word formed by combining other words


  1. to come together
  2. to come to terms of agreement
  3. to put together
  4. to add to
  5. In the context of "transitive|law": to settle by agreeing on less than the claim
Derived terms
to come together
to come to terms of agreement
to put together
to add to
law: to settle by agreeing less than the claim

Extensive Definition

Compound may refer to:
It is also found in combination with other words:
  • Compound chocolate, a chocolate substitute.
  • Compound fracture, complete fractures of bone where at least one fragment has damaged the skin, soft tissue or surrounding body cavity.
  • Compound interest, unpaid interest that is added to the principal so that subsequent interest is calculated on the grossed amount.
  • Compound locomotive, a locomotive in which exhaust steam is recycled in a low pressure cylinder or cylinders.
  • Compound sentence, a type of sentence made up of two or more independent clauses and no subordinate (dependent) clauses.
compound in German: Mischung
compound in French: Composite
compound in French: Composition
compound in Simple English: Compound

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

accommodate, acid, acidity, acronym, acrostic, add, add to, adjust, admix, admixture, agent, aggrandize, aggravate, alkali, alkalinity, alloisomer, alloy, alloyage, amalgam, amalgamate, amalgamation, anion, antacid, assemblage, assemble, assembly, assimilate, associate, atom, augment, avyayibhava, back formation, base, bemingle, biochemical, blend, boost, bracket, brew, build, building, buildup, cast, cation, chemical, chemical element, chromoisomer, clipped word, coadunate, coalesce, combination, combine, combo, come together, commingle, commix, commixture, complex, complicated, compose, composite, composition, compost, comprise, compromise, concoct, concoction, confection, conglomerate, conjugate, connect, consolidate, consolidation, constitution, construct, construction, cop out, copolymer, couple, create, decoct, devise, dimer, duck responsibility, dvandva, dvigu, elaborate, element, embodiment, embody, emulsify, encompass, endocentric compound, enhance, enlarge, ensemble, erect, evade responsibility, evolve, exacerbate, exocentric compound, expand, extend, extrude, fabricate, fabrication, fashion, fashioning, fix up, flux, form, formation, formulate, frame, fudge together, fuse, fusion, get up, getup, give and take, give way, go fifty-fifty, go together, hash, heavy chemicals, heighten, high polymer, homogenize, homopolymer, hydracid, immingle, immix, immixture, include, incorporate, incorporation, increase, indite, inorganic chemical, integrate, intensify, interblend, interfuse, interlace, interlard, intermingle, intermix, intermixture, intertwine, interweave, intricate, involved, ion, isomer, join, jumble, junction, knead, link, lump together, macromolecule, magma, magnify, make, make a deal, make an adjustment, make concessions, make one, make up, makeup, manufacture, mature, meet halfway, meld, melt into one, merge, merger, merging, metamer, mingle, mingle-mangle, mix, mix up, mixture, mold, molecule, monomer, multifaceted, multiform, multiple, multiply, neutralizer, nonacid, organic chemical, organization, oxyacid, paronym, paste, patch together, piece together, piecing together, play politics, polymer, prefabricate, prepare, produce, pseudoisomer, put together, put up, putting together, radical, raise, reach a compromise, reagent, rear, reembody, roll into one, run up, scramble, set up, settle, setup, shade into, shape, shaping, shuffle, solidify, split the difference, spoonerism, stir up, strike a balance, strike a bargain, structure, structuring, sulfacid, surrender, syncretize, syndicate, syneresis, synthesis, synthesize, take the mean, tatpurusha, throw together, toss together, trimer, unify, unite, whomp up, word form, work, worsen, write, yield
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